Terrestrial fauna

The Cape Verdean fauna is relatively poor, despite the introduction of some pet cat and dog in the islands with colonization, as well as horses, donkeys and cows, except for the goat, able to find food in a hostile environment. Even green monkey (Cercopithecus aetiopus) present in some areas of Santiago and Brava, coming from the mainland, as well as the toad cururu (Bufo regularis). Reptiles are also rare and limited to some species, with the exception of snakes of any kind. Even in the twentieth century, in some streams where there was a small stream of water can be found Freshwater crustaceans (lobsters and shrimps). But with the systematic exploration of each earth and handkerchief with the opening of wells, with work surface, the streams were deprived of even a little water.

Birds of Cape Verde

The Cape Verde avifauna is characterized by remarkable biodiversity and includes about 150 species, including some. The little bird (Halcyon leucocephala) is a small bird in blue, white and dark brown ton, with a long red tip, present in the islands of Santiago, Fogo and Brava and is a species of emblem of the archipelago; its scientific name was chosen to give a name to the most recent airline established in the country. Of great importance, the frigate (Fregata magnificens), with more than two meters of wingspan, reproduces only in islets of Curral Velho and Baluarte, south of Boavista, in small number. The crow (Corvus ruficollis), about half a meter long, is one of the most frequently seen birds in Cape Verde, the only completely black bird of these islands, especially on the island of Santiago. Species of cow heron (Bubulcus ibis), locally known as manel shepherd. This species uses grazing to accompany quadrupeds, capturing insects that these grass sloggiano; is a migrant from the mainland from December to May, and it is lovely to behold, while bucolic retires en masse, before nightfall, to stay in the branches of the trees, preferably near bodies of fresh water.

The Atobá (Sula leucogaster) is a species of marine averages among the most known in the archipelago, particularly in Brava, Santiago and Boavista. In stony or sandy soils we often find ourselves in a small bird, the cream-colored courser (Cursorius cursor), a camouflage that makes one confuse with the landscape, able to run fast (which makes it much faster); When flying, it displays a flashy white stripe on the underside of the wings. The sanderling (Calidris alba) is seen at work on the tranquil beaches of Cape Verde; twenty centimeters in length, moves continually along the whirlwind movement of the waves on the beach, looking for animals by Peck.
The Cape Verde swamp (Acrocephalus brevipennis) is one of the endemic birds of the archipelago, but its presence, which is noted for Ranger in the middle of dense foliage, persists only on the island of Santiago. The lark of Razo (Alauda rasae), about 13 cm, is one of the rarest birds in the world, which reproduces only in this small island, s. Nicolau and Santa Luzia, feeding on grasses.

Link avifauna of Cape Verde: avesdecaboverde.blogspot.pt

Marine fauna

In the sea, the marine life has a good variety of resident fish such as benthopelagic, pelagic and others.

– the Atlantic grouper (Cephalopholis taeniops)
– Channel sole (Syacium micrurum)
– the honeycomb moray (Muraena melanotis)
– the purple mouth (Gymnothorax vicinus)
– o pagello (Pagellus acarne)
– the grouper of the islands (Mycteroperca fusca)

– the wahoo or acantocibio (Acanthocybium solandri)
– the rainbow fish (Elagatis bipinnulata)
– the dolphin fish (Coryphaena hippurus)
– the peixa San Pedro (Zeus faber)
– the barracuda (Sphryraena guachancho)

Deep-sea fish
– the golden carango (Caranx crysos)
– the palombo (Mustelus mustelus)
– the redfish (Scorpaena scrofa)
– the purple grouper (Mycteroperca rubra)
– the ribbed pouch (Seriola rivoliana)
– the redfish (Helicolenus dactylopterus)
– the white grouper (Epinephelus aeneus)
– the African goat (Pargus africanus)
– various species of sargo

Flying fish or rondinella (Exocoetus volitans), which can be observed on the surface, keeping their long jumps out of the water, is also a striking example of Cape Verdean marine life. To report the presence of protected species and tourist attractions, such as the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) between December and May and the many dolphins. This marine fauna is enriched by some migratory species such as pinnagialla tuna (Thunnus albacares) and swordfish (Xiphias gladius). The Cape Verdean seas also contain appreciable amounts of crustaceans, especially on a low underwater platform that combines the three northernmost islands (Sal, Boavista and Maio), among which the most endemic species is the Cape Verdean lobster (Palinurus charlestoni) . Already the amount of fish is not as significant as it is to assume the huge marine archipelago surface (200 times more than 4,000 square kilometers of land) due to the scarcity of casualty platforms, which are limited to little more than covering the easternmost islands (Sal, Boavista and Maio). The potential annual catch in the waters of Cape Verde is about 40,000 tons calculated, but only one fifth of this amount is actually captured, almost always in order, by a fleet of just over a thousand boats, used by about 3,000 fishermen.

Fish live in the waters of the ocean with another form of animal life: the corals.
The most common corals
– the schizocubina africana
– the favia fraguant (in shallow water)
– several porches (such as asteroid portholes in warm and protected waters)
– siderastrea, millepora and madrepore (in deeper waters)

In spring it is possible to observe the whales (mainly humpback whales) that are very close to the coast of the island of Boavista. Some boats offer a daily navigation service, of around 4 hours, to get closer and see these magnificent animals. More information can be found here: WHALES EXCURSION

During the summer time it is possible to observe the nesting of thousands of sea turtles on the islands of Boavista, Sal and Maio, which every year arrive on the beaches of the archipelago between June and September. More information can be found here: TURTLES EXCURSION