The Muslim religion is Islam. Muslims are the practitioners of this religion. People who do not know the religion often associate Arabs as all being Muslims, but they are not synonymous. Being Arab means belonging to the ethnic group that mainly inhabits the Middle East and Northern Africa while being a Muslim means being a practitioner of Islam and having faith in the Islamic religion. Although it is a fact that the majority of practitioners of Islam are Arabs, the opposite does not happen, seeing that a significant majority of Asians like in India and Indonesia are a Muslim majority and from other branches of Islam.
What is Islam?
Islam; doctrine whose precepts are based on Islamic faith, on Islam, on the religion that has only one God (Allah), founded by the prophet Muhammad, (…) nation or culture whose precepts are based on the Islamic faith. Created by Muhammad in the 7th century, contrary to other Arab beliefs, it was monotheistic (belief in one God called Allah), in the 7th and 8th centuries, Islam grew and spread throughout the Arabian peninsula. Currently, it is the second-largest religion in the world being surpassed only by Christianity.
Proclamation of faith, prayer, compulsory charity, fasting from Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca are the five pillars of religion, and the Proclamation of Faith is about Shahada, which is the testimony of the Muslim that no one deserves to be endowed unless being Allah, and that Muhammad is your messenger. Anyone who makes this statement becomes a Muslim. No ceremony is necessary.
Prayer. Muslims pray to Salah 5 times a day. Salah values maintaining the Islamic faith.
Compulsory Charity, the third pillar is Zakah, a kind of charity that goes beyond character, is said to be an obligation of the Muslim who has the best financial condition, provides support to the needy and needy which is equivalent to 2.5% of the patrimony annually individual.
Ramadan – Ramadan fasting takes place in the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and must be fasted by healthy Muslims (Sawm). Fasting consists of complete abstinence from food, drinks and delightful activities (such as sex, games and entertainment), from sunrise to sunset.
The last consists of the Pilgrimage to Mecca between the 8th and 13th of the month of Dhu al-Hajj in the Islamic calendar, Muslims celebrate Hajj. Every Muslim who enjoys physical and financial conditions must make the pilgrimage to the holy city, Mecca, Saudi Arabia once in his life. The tradition goes back to Abraham considered the father of all prophets, every year millions of Muslims go to Mecca.
Sunnis are the majority among the Muslim people, and are more flexible compared to the Shias, to updates in the interpretation of dogma of Suna (Di derives the name Sunita), the supplementary book to the Quran that reports the actions of Muhammad and sharia, Islamic law with the transformations of humanity and the evolution of civilizations.
Tabaski – Tabaski is celebrated from the tenth day of the month of “Dhu al-Hijjah” (last month of the lunar year in the Islamic calendar), by Muslims from all over the planet, in memory of the prophet Ibrahim, who, 100 years ago, according to his followers tell, instead of sacrificing one of his two sons, “God sent him a Ram to use in their place”. On that day when the faithful renew their connection with their prophet, celebrating family and solidarity with their neighbours, they sacrifice sheep and divide them into three parts, one to eat, another to give to the poorest and the rest to keep for others. occasions.
This custom arrived in Cape Verde in 1990 with the installation of the first Mosque of the Muslims in the city of Praia. In the meantime, they are currently celebrating this festival all over the country’s islands.
Sunnis are the majority among the Muslim people, and are more flexible compared to the Shias, to updates in the interpretation of dogma of Suna (Di derives the name Sunita), the supplementary book to the Quran that reports the actions of Muhammad and sharia, Islamic law with the transformations of humanity and the evolution of civilizations. On the other hand, Shiites represent the most minority traditionalists, they defend the maintenance of the traditional interpretation of the Koran and Sharia, very common to have news of attacks with conflicts between these two groups. The proportion of Sunnis is 85% -90% for the Shiites which are 10% -15% in the Islamic world.
Polygamy (conjugal union of a person with several others) in religion is also something that is widely talked about, it exists and is allowed only to men. They can have up to 4 women as long as they are able to maintain and treat them equally, which prevents many from practising their “freedom”.